Types of Psychiatrist: What Are Their Differences?

There are diverse types of psychiatrists, and each has its area of focus and treatment methods. Knowing the differences between these types of psychiatrists can help you choose the right one for your needs. 

Here is a background of the eight different types of psychiatrists and what their psychiatric services are:

1. Addiction Psychiatrists

Addiction psychiatrists specialize in treating addiction and substance abuse disorders. They work with patients to understand the underlying causes of their addiction and develop a treatment plan to address these issues. 

In some cases, they may also refer their patients to other specialists, such as counselors or psychologists, for additional support. Addiction psychiatrists work in outpatient settings and residential treatment centers or hospitals.

2. Child and Adolescent Psychiatrists

Child and adolescent psychiatrists are medical doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating mental health problems in children and adolescents. They carry out with children of all ages, from infancy through adolescence. 

In addition to providing direct care to children and families, child and adolescent psychiatrists provide help through conducting research and serving as advocates for the mental health of children and adolescents.

3. Forensic Psychiatrists

Forensic psychiatrists are responsible for providing psychiatric evaluations and testimony in criminal cases. These psychiatric services work with the defense and the prosecution to offer expert opinions on various topics, including mental competency, sanity, and sentencing. 

Forensic psychiatrists must have a thorough understanding of the law concerning mental health and be able to get through their findings to lawyers and judges. In fact, many forensic psychiatrists also serve as consultants to police departments and correctional facilities.

4. Geriatric Psychiatrists

As people live longer, the prevalence of mental health problems increases. Geriatric psychiatrists are medical doctors who specialize in assessing and treating mental health problems in older adults. 

They are trained to recognize the complex relationship between physical and mental health problems in older adults. 

Geriatric psychiatrists use a variety of therapy modalities, including cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, and medication treatment. By partnering with these professionals, geriatric psychiatrists can provide comprehensive care for older adults with mental health problems.

5. Neuropsychiatrists

Neuropsychiatrists are psychiatrists who specialize in diagnosing and treating psychiatric disorders caused by damage to or dysfunction of the brain. These disorders include dementia, stroke, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and head injury. 

Besides their medical training, neuropsychiatrists receive special training in neurology and neuropsychiatry. This enables them to provide comprehensive care for patients with complex mental health and neurological conditions.

6. Organizational Psychiatrist

Organizational psychiatrists are a type of psychiatrist that focuses on the mental well-being of employees in a given organization. These professionals work to identify and treat mental health issues within the workplace. They may also provide counseling and support to employees experiencing stress or other mental health problems. 

Organizational psychiatrists often collaborate with human resources departments to develop policies and programs that promote employee mental health and well-being.

7. Nurse Practitioners

Nurse practitioners (NPs) are psychiatric specialists who provide direct patient care. NPS are registered nurses who have accomplished advanced coursework and training in psychiatric-mental health. They can diagnose and treat mental illness, as well as prescribe medication. NPS also provides counseling and support to help patients manage their symptoms. 

In many cases, NPS works as part of a team that includes psychiatrists, social workers, and other mental health professionals. This multidisciplinary approach provides comprehensive care that meets each patient’s unique needs. NPS is essential to the mental health care system, and its role is expected to grow in the coming years.

8. Multi-Specialty Psychiatrists

Multi-specialty psychiatrists are medical doctors who have completed a four-year residency in psychiatry and an additional one to three years of specialized practice in a particular area of psychiatry. These psychiatric services under this specialty are diagnosing and treating mental health disorders. 

Multi-specialty psychiatrists typically work in outpatient clinics, hospitals, or private practice. Some may also serve as consultants to other medical professionals or institutions.


Psychiatrists are a varied group with many different areas of expertise. Some psychiatrists focus on psychotherapy, while others specialize in medication management. Finding the right psychiatrist for your needs is essential, and our guide can help you.

If you are coping with mental health issues, getting the help you need is vital. There are many resources available to you, including psychiatric services. These professionals can provide the necessary support and care to get your life back on track. 

Don’t stumble to seeking help if you feel overwhelmed or hopeless. You deserve to feel better, and there is no shame in seeking assistance. If you need quality psychiatric services in New Hampshire, call our team at Amodeus Healthcare for help.