Breaking Down the Basics of Depression: What to Look For

Depression, in recent years, has finally gotten the attention it deserves. As more and more people learn about this illness, people are sharing the different ways they deal with their own case in the hopes that they help someone else experiencing a similar situation. For some people, the answer is exercise—this makes sense as working out can increase dopamine levels and create a general sense of wellbeing. For others, it’s a healthy diet or a combination of the two. 

These days, help for depression is much more accessible than it used to be. As long as you are diagnosed by a professional and are given the appropriate treatment, overcoming your depression is within your reach. That said, it is highly important that you consult with a medical professional, as self-diagnosing is more than likely to lead to a misdiagnosis. 

Depression and Its Related Conditions

As we learn more about depression, we can see that the term does not discuss all possible conditions. Sometimes, our illnesses can look like depression but actually be related conditions. Let’s take a look at some of them:

  • Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder
  • Bipolar Disorders 
  • Seasonal Depression (also known as affective disorder)
  • Peripartum Depression
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

Added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) in 2013, PMDD is accompanied by depression, irritability, and tension symptoms. This would generally start a week before menstruation begins. Others might also describe PMDD as accompanied by mood swings, anger, and heightened anxiety.  People experiencing PMDD will often also have decreased interest in their usual interests and hobbies and have difficulty concentrating, even on simple tasks. Lack of energy, fatigue, and rapid appetite changes are also common signs of someone experiencing PMDD

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder is most common in children and youth, ranging from six years old to 18. This condition involves chronic and severe irritability, which can result in frequent temper outbursts. This can manifest as physical aggression towards people or objects, with these outbursts often seeming to be disproportionate to the event that upset the individual. 

To be diagnosed with Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, symptoms must be present for at least one year, with the outbursts occurring frequently (at least three times per week). This condition is more common in males than females. 

This condition is one that is best diagnosed early as it can often lead to the child’s under developing social skills. Sometimes, learning can also be impeded due to difficulties communicating with elders. Family life also tends to suffer, with most relationships feeling strained following outbursts. 

Persistent Depressive Disorder

Persistent Depressive Disorder is the most well-known. This condition is often described as a consistently depressed mood that lasts for most of the day, in some cases lasting up to a week. In cases where the depression has gone a long time undiagnosed, Persistent Depressive Disorder can last years. 

Generally, individuals experiencing Persistent Depressive Disorder will show signs like poor appetite or overeating; insomnia or hypersomnia; low energy; low self-esteem This condition often develops early on in childhood and can last until adulthood if left unchecked. Immediate diagnosis is important to prevent long-term consequences. 


What’s most important for any of these conditions is that the person experiencing the illness gets the treatment that they deserve. Professionals will know what to do so it’s vital that you listen to their advice. Self-medication is not advised for depression as this can have underlying consequences. 

For dependable psychiatric services, Amodeus Healthcare is the ideal option. We offer complete services that include medication management and diagnosis to help alleviate illnesses and give you the quality of life you deserve.